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July 1st, 2024

guide to different gemstonesguide to different gemstonesguide to different gemstones

For centuries, diamonds have captivated humanity, serving as enduring symbols of love, luxury, and natural beauty. These extraordinary gems, formed deep within the Earth's crust, are not only treasured for their aesthetic brilliance but also for their intricate history and scientific complexity. In this exploration, we will delve into the historical legacy of diamonds, their fascinating geological formation, and their profound cultural significance. 

history of diamodns at humbertown jewellershistory of diamodns at humbertown jewellershistory of diamodns at humbertown jewellers


The earliest diamonds, discovered in India around the 4th century BC, were prized for their ability to refract light and engrave metal. Indian mythology endowed these stones with divine attributes, associating them with spirituality. As trade routes expanded, diamonds reached Europe, captivating royalty and nobility.

By the 15th century, they symbolized power and wealth, adorning monarchs and crowning regalia. The 18th-century discovery of diamonds in Brazil, followed by South Africa in the 19th century, revolutionized the market, increasing accessibility and enhancing their allure.


The journey from diamond to gemstone is truly remarkable. Formed under extreme pressure and temperature over billions of years, diamonds consist of pure carbon atoms in a crystalline structure, giving them their unmatched hardness of ten on the Mohs scale.

Starting in the Earth's mantle, carbon atoms bond to form crystals. Volcanic eruptions then carry these crystals to the surface, encased in kimberlite rocks. Miners extract these rocks, and skilled craftsmen sort and cut the raw diamonds into dazzling gems.

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the art of diamond cuttingthe art of diamond cuttingthe art of diamond cutting


Transforming a rough diamond into a polished gem is an intricate art requiring precision and expertise. The cutting process aims to maximize brilliance while preserving as much weight as possible. Various cuts, each with a unique appeal, achieve this balance.

The round brilliant cut, with 58 facets, is the most famous of diamonds, maximizing light return. Other popular cuts include princess, emerald, cushion, and oval, each offering distinct aesthetics and sparkle. The choice of cut depends on the diamond's shape, inclusions, and characteristics. At Humbertown Jewellers, our jewellery features superior diamonds, intricately fashioned to encapsulate the essence of each precious stone.


From their mystical beginnings and scientific formation to their transformation into precious gems, diamonds epitomize the beauty and wonder of the natural world. Whether adorning royal crowns or a stunning pendant necklace, their brilliance and cultural significance persist.

At Humbertown Jewellers, we acknowledge the profound importance of diamonds in creating lasting symbols of love and beauty. We offer bespoke jewellery design services, allowing our customers to create unique, personalized pieces that reflect their individual style and sentiments.

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